Freitag, 23. Dezember 2011

Plant of the Day (December 23rd, 2011) - Campanula rotundifolia L.

Today's “Plant of the Day” is Campanula rotudifolia L. from the Campanulaceae (bellflower) family. The English name of this species is “Harebell” (or “Bluebell” in Scotland), while in German it's called “Rundblättrige Glockenblume”.

C. rotundifolia - habitus

It's a small but beautiful herb, which can reach heights between 10 and 30 centimetres (4 to 12 inches). The sitting bracts are long and narrow, while the long-stalked basal leaves are kidney-shaped or heart-shaped with a serrated edge. The stalk is fluffy at its base.

C. rotundifolia - habitus

The inflorescence is a panicle and consists of many, small and radial flowers. Each flower has five, bright-green sepals and five violet petals with triangular tips. The flowers are hanging; a typical feature of the bellflowers. However, the flower buds are upright and the suspension starts after the opening of the flower.

C. rotundifolia  - flowers

C. rotundifolia is native to Europe, Siberia and  North America. It's a indicator for leanness and can be found on grasslands with a low content of nutrients in the soil. So, you can find it e. g. on calcareous grasslands or pastures but also on rocks and walls.

C. rotundifolia - flower

Like the most Campanulaceae, C. rotundifolia contains some ingredients (e. g. Inulin) and was used as medicinal plant, especially as inflammatory inhibitor.

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